The receiver then interprets (decodes) the words and nonverbals, hoping to arrive at an understanding of what the sender really means.
To put it all together, an example would be Person A notices she is hungry so she puts her hand on her stomach and says, "Wow, I'm getting huuuuuungry." Person B sees and hears this, and interprets it to mean that Person A is hungry. Communication Problems The way we encode and decode messages is based on how we learned to communicate in earlier stages of life.
There would likely be a conflict after that, and it would be due to a misinterpretation from the receiver (and also a poor reading of the context from the sender). Anytime there is a misunderstanding, it is the fault of both the sender and the receiver.
Think about how much this happens in text and emails. Let's go back to the example from the last section. Person B could also have been better at decoding the message and knowing that Person A really means no harm but was just speaking truth that she was hungry and meant nothing more by it, and thus would not have taken offense.
Thus, sending messages outward about things we don't understand well within ourselves also has a low likelihood of being understood by the receiver.
We can become better senders by thinking about how the specific person at this specific time would be receive a message, and then deliver it in that form. Check in with the sender when you are decoding messages to make sure you have the right understanding.
For the third, we can automatically add things to the message that make us miss what was intended.